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Time-lapse Photography (Tutorial)

Time-lapse Photography (Tutorial)

A Knowhow Guide from Gulfu Photography

 

 

 

 

What is time-lapse photography?

 

Basically, time-lapse photography is a technique. In time-lapse photography, frames are captured at a lower rate that the usual frame rate (frames per second). But when you play all the frames and see it at the usual speed, it seems as if time is moving faster. Time-lapse photography technique is the complete opposite of slow motion technique. For example, with time-lapse photography technique you get to see a flower blossoming much faster than its usual speed.

 

What do I need to take time-lapse photography?

 

You will need the following items before taking a time-lapse photography.

  • Camera and Tripod – Any DSLR camera and Tripod is fine.

  • Intervalometer – It is an automatic camera trigger that can be set to take photographs during particular intervals.

  • Large Capacity Memory Card – Depending on the situation that you will be capturing, you will need a large capacity memory card.

  • Camera Protection Gear – Since you would be setting your camera to take photographs for a long period, you will need protective gear for your camera (especially if shooting outdoor) based on the climatic conditions.

Note: Nowadays even mobile phones can be used to take time-lapse.

 

 

How can I take time-lapse photography?

 

  • Decide on what you want to shoot – sunrise, sunset, clouds, traffic, people walking, etc.

  • Decide the speed and flow of action of the activity that you are shooting. How much time you want the time-lapse to be, how many shots you want, how long you have to shoot; decide on all these things. Based on that, you will have to set the intervalometer. Usually for sunrise/sunset/clouds, an interval between 3 – 8 seconds will be sufficient. For street, you will need to set an interval of 2 – 8 seconds. For night, it will be better to set an interval between 7 – 30 seconds. Initially you may find it difficult to decide on the interval, shots and the like. But with enough practice, you will get the hang of it.

  • Now you need to set your camera exposure in manual mode – ISO, Aperture, Shutter, Focus, White Balance. It is better to capture the shots in JPEG format because editing large number of RAW images might be difficult.

  • Focus on the subject and then turn off the Auto-Focus. This is done to avoid the camera auto-focusing on other subjects after each interval.

  • Once you have set it to your liking, based on the scene that you are capturing, try some test shots/ time-lapse. Make necessary adjustments if any. If you are satisfied with the result, set your camera and tripod, and do a stability check (the camera should remain steady after each interval, otherwise you will get a shaky time-lapse). Usually for a 15 second time-lapse, you might need to shoot at least 320 – 380 photographs.

  • Now that you have shot the photographs, you can move on to the next stage of editing.

  • Lightroom is the best for editing time-lapse photographs. You can do batch editing in this. Just make the change in one photograph and you can sync the same change to the rest of the photographs.

  • After that, render the time-lapse into a movie file.

  • You can add music, titles and the rest in your final editing (you can use any movie editing software).

 

PHOTOGRAPHY EVALUATION/SUGGESTION

 

You can email your time-lapse videos to sugulufactory@gmail.com and get your video evaluated. For any further doubts about taking time-lapse photography, you can email me and get your doubts cleared. Enjoy clicking and keep following Gulfu Photography.

 

 


 


Steel Wool Photography (Tutorial)

Steel Wool Photography

A Know how Guide from Gulfu Photography

IMG_6271-Edit

 

Shutter Speed: 30 Seconds
Aperture: F7.1
ISO: 200
White Balance: Auto
Focus: Manual Focus
Tripod :Yes Flash :Yes

 

What is a steel wool?

A steel wool or wire wool or sponge, is a bunch of very fine strands of steel. It is commonly used for construction work and cleaning work. As far as photography is concerned, it is used to create sparks by burning it and creating a light painting effect.

What do I need to take a steel wool photograph?

You will need the following items before taking a steel wool photograph.

  • Steel wool – It is easily available across most countries in hardware stores. But in India, you might have to order it online. When you purchase the steel wool, make sure that it is Grade 0, 00, 000 or 0000. Do not purchase Grade 1 and above steel wool as it won’t serve the purpose.
  • Steel cable or chain – You can use a dog chain as it comes with a handle to hold and a clasp that can hold the whisk in place.
  • Whisk – You can either borrow it from your home or get a new one from a shop.
  • Camera and Tripod – Any DSLR camera and Tripod is fine.
  • Camera remote/ Shutter release cable – To fire the camera when you are standing and swirling the steel wool.
  • Cigarette lighter – To set the steel wool on fire.
  • Protective gear – If you want to protect yourself from burns, wear a hooded sweat shirt (preferably black) and sun glass to protect your eyes from sparks. Also wear gloves (not plastic) to protect your hand, just in case you touch the whisk when its hot.

 

IMG_5864-Edit

Shutter Speed: 25 Seconds
Aperture: F5.6
ISO: 400
White Balance: Auto
Focus: Manual Focus
Tripod :Yes

 

How can I take a steel wool photograph?

  • You need to attach the whisk to the steel cable or chain and ensure that it is fastened properly. If the chain is very long, cut it to the length of your arm. Otherwise just wind it around your palm to achieve the length.
  • Set you camera at a safe distance away from the point where you will be standing and swirling the steel wool. But ensure that you set the camera with the proper settings and focus point, covering the width and height of your proposed photograph (within a few trials you will get to know the proper distance). If you are wondering how to set the focus point in darkness, you can do that simply like this. Ask someone to stand at the point where you will be swirling with an LED light. Or you can keep it at the point, if you are alone. Set the focus point on the LED light and turn off auto-focus.
  • Fire the camera using the camera remote/shutter release cable. Light the steel wool using the cigarette lighter. You may not see any flame. But when you start swirling it, sparks start to fly.
  • Stand in a single position and start swirling the steel wool until the sparks stop.
  • Check the result in your camera and make the necessary adjustments accordingly.
  • Ensure that you are trying out steel wool photography in a fire-proof place (if doing indoors). If you are trying it outdoor, things are much safer. Just in case of fire, make sure you have a fire extinguisher nearby. All in all, you should only try steel wool photography at your own risk. There is risk of burn/fire when doing steel wool photography. The best way to try this is to ask your friend to swirl, while you take the photograph, or vice versa. That way, you will have someone to help you in case of emergency.

 

PHOTOGRAPHY EVALUATION/SUGGESTION

You can email your steel wool shots to sugulufactory@gmail.com and get your photograph evaluated. For any further doubts about taking a steel wool photography, you can email me and get your doubts cleared. Enjoy clicking and keep following Gulfu Photography.

 

 

steelwool-top-1

Shutter Speed: 25 Seconds
Aperture: F5.6
ISO: 320
White Balance: Auto
Focus: Manual Focus
Tripod :Yes

 

 

IMG_4526

Shutter Speed: 22 Seconds
Aperture: F7.1
ISO: 200
White Balance: Auto
Focus: Manual Focus
Tripod :Yes

 

 


Multiple Exposure Photography (Tutorial)

 

Multiple Exposure Photography

A Knowhow Guide from Gulfu Photography

 

Untitled-3

 

What is a multiple exposure?

A multiple exposure is a technique wherein two images are photographed, one on top of another. Back in the days when film was used, this technique was done by taking one photograph, then leaving the film in the same place and taking another photograph on top of it, before moving on to the next frame. If you take or edit a multiple exposure photograph in Black and White, you get better results. Why so? Because you wouldn’t have to think in-depth about color theory and the like.

 

How can I take a multiple exposure photograph using a camera that has got built-in multiple exposure setting?

 

1)      You must turn on the multiple exposure setting on your camera. For each camera, the multiple exposure will be located in a different area. For first timers, you can check the instruction manual or just Google and find it.

2)       You must turn Auto-Gain OFF, if that is possible. The reason to do so is because Auto-Gain automatically attempts to neutralize the EV if you are taking high-key nature portraits.

3)      You must put your camera in Aperture Priority mode and the select your F number (used by gulfu).

4)       Metering mode should be on Spot Metering  .

5)      To take the first shot, you must center the Auto-Focus point and take your picture. It is best to keep the background almost 100% white when taking your picture. If you are outdoor, you can get a white background by having the sky in the background behind your head (try having the sun directly behind your head lined up with the lens). If you are indoor, you can try using flash against the wall to create a silhouette and achieve best result.

6)      To take the second shot, increase the Exposure Compensation to about +2 EV (an estimate) and take the picture of the background you want. Make sure that the background is close to 100% white for this shot also. Before taking both the shots, its better if you experiment for yourself and see which setting gives you the best result with a totally white background. Each situation for taking the shot will be different based on where you are. Whatever setting you try, the background must be 100% white and not gray.

7)      Now that you have taken both the shots, it will automatically stack up and show up on your LCD screen. Try taking different multiple exposure shots and look for that perfect shot. Note that in some cameras, the multiple exposure feature might turn off after taking a shot. So you must turn it ON again before trying out.

 

IMG_46681

 

 

How can I create a multiple exposure photograph using Adobe Photoshop?

 

1)      You must first create a new Photoshop document. Drag and drop the 2 images that you have selected into the Photoshop document. The two images will show up in the bottom right in the Layers Palette as two layers.

2)      You must select the top layer and then select “SCREEN” for the blending mode. You can also optionally try and use “MULTIPLY” mode (this mode darkens instead of lightening).

3)      You can use the Dodge tool to whiten up the background if your selected image does not have 100% white background.

4)      You can adjust the Curves of the image by raising the left-most lower point upwards vertically a little. Then raise the right-most lower point upwards vertically a little. You can replicate the same adjustments to individual color channels in the same Curves adjustment window (Red, Blue, Green).

5)      Finally, save the file as 8-Bit JPEG.

 

PHOTOGRAPHY EVALUATION/SUGGESTION

 

You can email your multiple exposure shots to sugulufactory@gmail.com and get your photograph evaluated. For any further doubts about taking a multiple exposure shot, you can email me and get your doubts cleared. Enjoy clicking and keep following Gulfu Photography.